Comoros Comoros

Statistical Snapshot



Comoros is the least populous country in the Arab region, with a population of 850,890 in 2019. Comorian population is considered to be young with 58.5 percent of residents under the age of 24. The country registers a high fertility rate of 4.2 births per woman compared the regional average of 3.2 births per woman.[1] Growing at an average annual rate of 2.2 percent[2], the Comorian population is mostly rural, with an urbanization rate of 28.8 percent.[2] Ranking 156th out of 189 countries, Comoros was categorized as one of the low human development countries in 2019 , with a life expectancy at birth  of 64.1 years, far below the regional average of 72 years. The average mean years of schooling is 4.9 years, compared to the regional average of 7 years.[3] Comoros continues to have a high maternal mortality of 273 deaths per 100,000 live births and high adolescent birth rate at 65.4 percent.[2]


Comoros is considered a low-income country with an estimated GDP of $2.5 billion in 2019, the lowest among the Arab countries, and a Gross National Income (GNI) per capita at $ 2,426 in 2018.[4] Economic developments were challenging in Comoros during 2019, notably after the country was struck by a cyclone during April 2019. Driven by the negative implications of the cyclone, real GDP growth declined from 3.6 percent in 2018 to 1.8 percent in 2019, while inflation rate remained contained at 3.3 percent.


In 2019, the labour force participation rate reached 43.3 percent. This rate remained almost constant for males, ranging between 52 percent and 50 percent over the 2000-2019 period, while the rate among females has been steadily increasing, reaching 37 percent in 2019, up from 32.3 percent in 2000. The unemployment rate remained almost unchanged over the same period at 4.3 percent, registering 4 percent for men, compared to 4.7 percent for women, but under-employment is generally the norm in Comoros. Over the same period, youth unemployment rate reached 9.9 percent in 2019. The gender gap in youth unemployment was low, with 11.2 percent and 8.6 percent of youth unemployment for men and women, respectively.[5]


Poverty remains one of the most crucial challenges facing Comoros. According to the latest Human Development Report in 2019, 42.4 percent of the population, or approximately 316,000 people, live below the income poverty line, and 22.3 percent of the population are vulnerable to multidimensional poverty.[6] 

Comorian children still face several challenges with regard to health and nutrition. Comoros faces development challenges, with nearly 30 percent of children suffering from chronic malnutrition according to the latest available data in 2012.[3] Comoros has the fourth highest under-five child mortality rate in the Arab region of 78 per 1,000 births, but that is projected to decrease to 70 per 1,000 births in 2020.[1]



This overview was last updated in May 2020. Priority is given to the latest available official data published by national statistical offices and/or public institutions. 

[1] The World Bank. 2020. World Development Indicators. [ONLINE] Available at [Accessed 31 April 2020].
[2] Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. 2019. World Population Prospects. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 31 April 2020].
[3] United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 2019. Human Development Indicators, Comoros. [ONLINE]. Available at: [Accessed 31 April 2020].

[4] International Monetary Fund (IMF). April 2020. World Economic Outlook. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 31 April 2020].

[5] International Labour Organization (ILO). 2020. ILOSTAT. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 31 April 2020].
[6] The World Bank. 2019. The World Bank in Comoros, Overview. [ONLINE] Available at:  [Accessed 31 April 2020].

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Data Highlights

  • Comoros is one of the least populous countries in the world with a population of 788,000 in 2015, growing at an average annual rate of 2.4% since 2000. However, it is densely populated, its density increased from 284 inhabitants per square kilometer in 2000 to 404 inhabitant per square kilometer in 2014.

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