Morocco is an Arab North African country with a population of over 35.4 million, growing at an annual rate of 1.3%. The country is highly urbanized, where 62% of the population live in urban areas in 2017.[1] Latest human development report states that 15.6% of the said population were multi-dimensionally poor and 12.6% of which lived near multidimensional poverty.[2]


Life expectancy at birth in Morocco life expectancy at birth in Morocco increased from 68 years in 2000 to 76.1 years in 2017. [3] The Life expectancy range between men and women is about two years (73 years for men and 75 years for women), but the gap increases to five years between rural and urban areas (77 years in urban and 72 years in rural areas). The population of Morocco has been aging in the last decade caused by a fertility rate hovering at two during the last decade coupled with an increase in life expectancy. This can be seen in the drop of the percentage of the population below 30-year of age from 62.5% in 2000 to 53.5% in 2015.[3]

Education in Morocco is free and obligatory in primary school. Adult literacy rate reached 62.5% in 2016[1]. The tertiary enrollment noticeably increased from 10.2% in 2000 to 33.7% in 2017[4], with a Gender Parity Index of 0.92, compared to 1.1 in the Arab region.[5] 

Real GDP growth reached 3.1% in 2018[6] with the Government’s prudent economic policies and sustained structural reforms. GDP (Purchasing Power Parity, constant 2011 prices) and GNI per capita (Purchasing Power Parity) for 2017 leveled at Int$ 271 billion and Int$ 8,060 respectively.[5] The Moroccan economy is relatively diversified, where agriculture plays a major role in the economic growth with a gross value added of 15.2% as a percentage of GDP in 2017, and the economy is characterized by a low inflation rate at 1.1% in 2018.[6] In 2013, the Government has started to phase out fuel subsidies and continues to take bold steps to reduce its deficit.[7] However, in order to create more fiscal space, the Government is urged to curb its public debt that reached 64% of GDP in 2018.[6]

Over the past two decades, Morocco has witnessed a drop in its unemployment rate from 13.6% in 2000 to 10.9% in 2018.[8] However, this rate remains high among youth and university students reaching 21%.[8] At the geographical level, unemployment continues to be higher in urban areas; registering 14.6% compared to only 4.1% in rural areas in 2015. [1] Gender gaps between women and men in unemployment are minimal, where female unemployment rate registered 11.7%, almost equivalent to men of 10.6% in 2018. This is also the case among youth with a rate of 21.4% for men and 19.8% for women in 2018.[8]

Crude oil production in Morocco increased from 73 thousand barrels in 2003 to 182.5 thousand barrels in 2005 and remained constant at this level; however, it stayed well below the 2012 consumption level of 54.4 million barrels. Similarly, natural gas production fell below consumption, totaling 2.8 billion cubic feet compared to 41.7 billion cubic feet of consumption in 2013.[9]


This overview has been drafted by the ADP team based on most available data as of 26 December 2018. 



[1] Morocco Haut-Commissariat au Plan

[2] Human Development Report 2018

[3] World Population Prospects, Population Division, United Nations

[4] UNESCO Institute for Statistics

[5] World Development Indicators, The World Bank

[6] International Monetary Fund (IMF)

[7] The World Bank

[8] KILM – International Labour Organization (ILO)

[9] International Energy Statistics, U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

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Data Highlighted

  • The tertiary enrollment noticeably increased from 10.2% in 2000 to 28.14% in 2015.

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