Comoros

Comoros

 

 

 

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Comoros is one of the least populous countries in the world with a population of 788,000 in 2015, growing at an average annual rate of 2.4% since 2000.[1] However, it is densely populated, its density increased from 284 inhabitants per square kilometer in 2000 to 404 inhabitant per square kilometer in 2014.[1]

 

Comoros has a young population with nearly 88.2% of the population under the age of 30 in 2015, and a high fertility rate of 4.4 births per woman in 2015.[1] The life expectancy in the country is currently 63 years, compared to a higher regional average of 70.6 years. The maternal mortality of 335 per 100,000 live births in 2015 is worse than the regional average of 156 per 100,000 live births.[5]

 

According to the most recent survey data that is publicly available for its Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) in 2012, 4.3% of the population were multi-dimensionally poor, and an additional 23.1% lived near multidimensional poverty.[2]

 

Adult literacy rate leveled at 77.8% in 2015, compared to a regional average of 80.5% in 2015.[3] Some gains were achieved in terms of gross enrollment rates. At the primary level, the gross enrollment rate increased from 102.2% in 2000 to 105.3% in 2013 and the Gender Parity Index (GPI) was maintained at 0.9 in 2013. Tertiary enrollment also rose from 1.4% in 2000 to 8.7% in 2013.[5]

 

Comoros is a low-income country [4] with an estimated GDP (Purchasing Power Parity, constant 2011 prices) of Int$ 1.1 billion in 2014, the lowest GDP among the Arab countries, and a Gross National Income (GNI) per capita at Int$ 1,430 in 2014[5] While the economy had shown signs of recovery after years of political instability, achieving a real at 3.5% in 2013, conditions since then have deteriorated with growth slowing to 2.1% in 2014.[6][7] Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is the leading sector of the economy at 35.9% of GDP in 2013.[8] Inflation declined from 6.3% in 2013 to 1.4% in 2014.[6] In 2014, Comoros registered a low cash deficit of 0.6% of GDP[7] and a gross public debt of 25.4%.[6]

 

International trade to GDP ratio in Comoros amounted to 80 in 2014 compared to 51 in 2000, with exports amounting to 17% of GDP and imports 62% of GDP in 2014. Consequently, the external balance in Comoros scored a deficit of 282 million US dollar in 2014. The main exports in Comoros consist of food products, while top imports include food, fuels, and manufactured goods.[5]

 

The labor force participation rate in Comoros increased from 54.7% in 2000 to 57.4% in 2015. This rate remained almost constant for men ranging between 79.1% and 79.4% over the 2000-2015 period, whereas for women it increased from 30.5% in 2000 to 35.3% in 2015.[5] The unemployment rate also remained almost unchanged over the same period. In 2015, unemployment rate registered 19.6%, 17.7% for men and 23.7% for women.[9] Youth unemployment rate was lower than adult unemployment rate recording 37.7% in 2015, where the gender gap between men and women in youth unemployment was low. Young men aged between 15 and 24 had an unemployment rate of 36.9% compared to 39.4% for women in 2015.[5]

 

This overview has been drafted by the ADP team based on most available data as of 30 September 2016.

 


  1. World Population Prospects, Population Division, United Nations
  2. UNDP Human Development Report 2015
  3. UNESCO Institute for Statistics
  4. The World Bank
  5. World Development Indicators, The World Bank
  6. Central Bank of Comoros
  7. The World Bank, Country overview, Comoros
  8. ADP team computations based on figures extracted from the Central Bank of Comoros.
  9. KILM – International Labour Organization (ILO)


Comoros Statistical Snapshot 2016
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Data Highlighted

  • Comoros is one of the least populous countries in the world with a population of 788,000 in 2015, growing at an average annual rate of 2.4% since 2000. However, it is densely populated, its density increased from 284 inhabitants per square kilometer in 2000 to 404 inhabitant per square kilometer in 2014.

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Publications

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